Dr Louise Haagh Reader

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Biography

Louise Haagh obtained her doctorate in Politics from St. Antony’s College, Oxford University, and held a British Academy Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship at St. Antony’s from 1998 till 2001. Louise Haagh’s previous degrees are from the London School of Economics (in International Relations) and the Institute of Latin American Studies (Inter-Disciplinary Area-Studies), both of the University of London. In 2001 she took up a lectureship at the Politics Department of the University of York where she is now a Reader. Louise Haagh has been a visiting fellow at a series of research institutes and universities internationally, including Cornell University (USA), Yonsei University (South Korea), and the Brazil Centre at Oxford University. She has held research fellowships from The British Academy and the Leverhulme Trust, and has carried out a series of research trips funded by these institutions and the Nuffield Foundation in Latin America and East Asia since coming to York. Louise Haagh is a world poverty, labour studies and social policy specialist working in the field of comparative labour market institutions, welfare regimes and the political economy of development. With her comparative work she is engaged in broader debates about problems of citizenship, economic equality and conceptions of liberty. She has written on aspects of economic citizenship, labour policy, income security, basic income, democratization and neo-liberalism in the context of both OECD and developing countries (in particular Brazil, Chile and South Korea). She is the editor of the academic journal Basic Income Studies and is a member of the executive committee of the Basic Income Earth Network, an international network that fosters informed discussion about basic income. Louise Haagh has also undertaken work under the auspices of several international organisations and public bodies, including the World Bank Social Protection Department, The Council of Europe, The Korean Labor Institute, The World Bank Social Development Department, The Organisation of American States, the International Labour Organisation, and the Canadian Council of Welfare, among others.

 

Swiss to vote on incomes for all – working or not

Swiss to vote on incomes for all – working or not

Swiss campaignersIf you’re Swiss, a regular share of this cash could soon be yours

 

Related Stories

Switzerland, one of the world’s wealthiest countries, is engaged in an intense process of soul searching – about money.

This year alone there have been two nationwide referendums on executive pay, one of which approved strict limits on bonuses and banned golden handshakes.

Now two more votes are on the way, the first on the introduction of a minimum wage, and the second, and most controversial, on a guaranteed basic income for all legal residents, whether they work or not.

A universal basic income sounds very radical, but it is not a new idea – Thomas More proposed it in his work Utopia in the 16th Century.

On the left, universal basic income is thought to be fairer, while on the right it is seen as the policy that would make welfare payments obsolete.

 

“Start Quote

There will be no incentive for young people to learn a job or study”

Rudolf StrahmSwiss economist

For Enno Schmidt, a key supporter of universal basic income, Switzerland is the perfect place, and 2013 the perfect time, to launch a campaign to introduce it.

“Switzerland is the only place in Europe, and maybe in the world, where the people have the right to make something real, [through] direct democracy,” he says.

That system of direct democracy means the Swiss could vote for free beer if they wanted to.

To hold a nationwide referendum, all citizens have to do is gather 100,000 signatures calling for a vote, and the ballot must be held – the result is binding.

‘Happy land’

Campaigners for a universal basic income dump eight million coins outside the Swiss parliament

The anger among many Swiss voters at the news that some of their biggest banks, such as UBS, had continued paying top executives huge bonuses while also reporting huge losses, has led to a heated debate about salaries, and more widely, about fairness.

In that context, it was easy to gather the 100,000 signatures to hold the vote on universal income, and the government is expected to name a date for the referendum soon.

Swiss business leaders have reacted with dismay, one calling it a “happy land” proposal, the product of a younger generation that has never experienced a major economic recession or widespread unemployment.

Many have also suggested it could provide a major disincentive to working at all, something that could pose problems for Swiss companies already finding it hard to recruit skilled workers.

Mr Schmidt denies this, saying the proposed amount for Switzerland, 2,500 Swiss francs ($2,800; £1,750) a month is scarcely enough to survive on, and that anyway a society in which people work only because they have to have money is “no better than slavery”.

Swiss parliament, BernReferendum results are binding in Switzerland

Instead Mr Schmidt argues that universal income would allow people more freedom to decide what they really want to do.

“The thought is not that people will work less, the people are free to decide – more, or less,” he says.

That argument has found some enthusiastic supporters among young Swiss voters.

They have adopted a rather clever campaign technique, borrowing eight million five-centime pieces and displaying them around the country as a symbol that Switzerland can afford to pay its eight million inhabitants a universal income.

‘A risky move’Che Wagner is one of the campaigners. He is 25, studying for a master’s degree at Zurich university and working for a pizza delivery company.

“I have a daughter,” he says, “and so of course I am there for my daughter, I look after her.”

“But it is also a struggle – I have to work, so we can live.

“I think with a basic income I would still have to work, but I could… maybe [also] say, ‘OK let’s spend a week with my daughter.’”

And, when Che and his colleagues dumped their eight million coins outside the Swiss parliament, the politicians inside did not dismiss the campaign out of hand.

 

“Start Quote

The idea goes to the personal question – what are you doing in your life, is it actually what you want do? ”

Che WagnerUniversal income campaigner

“The idea makes sense in a certain way,” says Luzi Stamm, member of parliament for the right-wing Swiss People’s Party.

But Mr Stamm adds, it would be a risky move for Switzerland to take as long as it remains inside Europe’s free movement of people agreement.

“It certainly does not work in a country like Switzerland. In a country which is wealthy, and has open borders it is suicide.”

Meanwhile on the left, economist and former social democrat member of parliament Rudolf Strahm backs a minimum wage but is against a universal income, believing it would undermine the famous Swiss work ethic.

“There will be no incentive for young people to learn a job or study,” he says.

64,000 franc questionSo how much exactly would such a scheme cost?

No-one is offering precise figures, although there is surprisingly little debate about whether Switzerland could afford it – the consensus seems to be that, financially, the scheme would be doable.

woman carrying briefcase resting her head on windowWe need to think more about our work-life balance, say campaigners

Income tax would not necessarily rise, but value added tax – on what people buy rather than what they earn – could rise to 20% or even 30%.

In the long run, supporters say, money might actually be saved because a basic universal income would replace means tested welfare payments.

But the main motivation behind the campaign is not economic but cultural, a bid to make people think more carefully about the nature of life and work.

Mr Wagner points out that the whole debate can make people uncomfortable, presenting them with choices that so far have been unimaginable.

“The idea goes to the personal question – what are you doing in your life, is it actually what you want to do?”

More on This Story

Related Stories

Swiss to vote on incomes for all – working or not

By Imogen FoulkesBBC News, Bern

Swiss campaignersIf you’re Swiss, a regular share of this cash could soon be yours
Related Stories

Swiss reject cap on bosses’ pay
Swiss to vote on executive pay curbs
Swiss back curbs on executive pay
Switzerland, one of the world’s wealthiest countries, is engaged in an intense process of soul searching – about money.

This year alone there have been two nationwide referendums on executive pay, one of which approved strict limits on bonuses and banned golden handshakes.

Now two more votes are on the way, the first on the introduction of a minimum wage, and the second, and most controversial, on a guaranteed basic income for all legal residents, whether they work or not.

A universal basic income sounds very radical, but it is not a new idea – Thomas More proposed it in his work Utopia in the 16th Century.

On the left, universal basic income is thought to be fairer, while on the right it is seen as the policy that would make welfare payments obsolete.

“Start Quote

There will be no incentive for young people to learn a job or study”
Rudolf StrahmSwiss economist

For Enno Schmidt, a key supporter of universal basic income, Switzerland is the perfect place, and 2013 the perfect time, to launch a campaign to introduce it.

“Switzerland is the only place in Europe, and maybe in the world, where the people have the right to make something real, [through] direct democracy,” he says.

That system of direct democracy means the Swiss could vote for free beer if they wanted to.

To hold a nationwide referendum, all citizens have to do is gather 100,000 signatures calling for a vote, and the ballot must be held – the result is binding.

‘Happy land’

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Campaigners for a universal basic income dump eight million coins outside the Swiss parliament

The anger among many Swiss voters at the news that some of their biggest banks, such as UBS, had continued paying top executives huge bonuses while also reporting huge losses, has led to a heated debate about salaries, and more widely, about fairness.

In that context, it was easy to gather the 100,000 signatures to hold the vote on universal income, and the government is expected to name a date for the referendum soon.

Swiss business leaders have reacted with dismay, one calling it a “happy land” proposal, the product of a younger generation that has never experienced a major economic recession or widespread unemployment.

Many have also suggested it could provide a major disincentive to working at all, something that could pose problems for Swiss companies already finding it hard to recruit skilled workers.

Mr Schmidt denies this, saying the proposed amount for Switzerland, 2,500 Swiss francs ($2,800; £1,750) a month is scarcely enough to survive on, and that anyway a society in which people work only because they have to have money is “no better than slavery”.

Swiss parliament, BernReferendum results are binding in Switzerland
Instead Mr Schmidt argues that universal income would allow people more freedom to decide what they really want to do.

“The thought is not that people will work less, the people are free to decide – more, or less,” he says.

That argument has found some enthusiastic supporters among young Swiss voters.

They have adopted a rather clever campaign technique, borrowing eight million five-centime pieces and displaying them around the country as a symbol that Switzerland can afford to pay its eight million inhabitants a universal income.

‘A risky move’Che Wagner is one of the campaigners. He is 25, studying for a master’s degree at Zurich university and working for a pizza delivery company.

“I have a daughter,” he says, “and so of course I am there for my daughter, I look after her.”

“But it is also a struggle – I have to work, so we can live.

“I think with a basic income I would still have to work, but I could… maybe [also] say, ‘OK let’s spend a week with my daughter.’”

And, when Che and his colleagues dumped their eight million coins outside the Swiss parliament, the politicians inside did not dismiss the campaign out of hand.

“Start Quote

The idea goes to the personal question – what are you doing in your life, is it actually what you want do? ”
Che WagnerUniversal income campaigner

“The idea makes sense in a certain way,” says Luzi Stamm, member of parliament for the right-wing Swiss People’s Party.

But Mr Stamm adds, it would be a risky move for Switzerland to take as long as it remains inside Europe’s free movement of people agreement.

“It certainly does not work in a country like Switzerland. In a country which is wealthy, and has open borders it is suicide.”

Meanwhile on the left, economist and former social democrat member of parliament Rudolf Strahm backs a minimum wage but is against a universal income, believing it would undermine the famous Swiss work ethic.

“There will be no incentive for young people to learn a job or study,” he says.

64,000 franc questionSo how much exactly would such a scheme cost?

No-one is offering precise figures, although there is surprisingly little debate about whether Switzerland could afford it – the consensus seems to be that, financially, the scheme would be doable.

woman carrying briefcase resting her head on windowWe need to think more about our work-life balance, say campaigners
Income tax would not necessarily rise, but value added tax – on what people buy rather than what they earn – could rise to 20% or even 30%.

In the long run, supporters say, money might actually be saved because a basic universal income would replace means tested welfare payments.

But the main motivation behind the campaign is not economic but cultural, a bid to make people think more carefully about the nature of life and work.

Mr Wagner points out that the whole debate can make people uncomfortable, presenting them with choices that so far have been unimaginable.

“The idea goes to the personal question – what are you doing in your life, is it actually what you want to do?”

More on This Story

Related Stories

Swiss reject cap on bosses’ pay
24 NOVEMBER 2013, BUSINESS

Swiss to vote on executive pay curbs
22 NOVEMBER 2013, BUSINESS

Swiss back curbs on executive pay
03 MARCH 2013, EUROPE

Will Swiss ‘fat cats’ be put on diets?
01 MARCH 2013, BUSINESS

Unconditional Basic Income Europe

The online signatures and paper signatures will now go through a verification process and be handed over to the European Commission together with the demands of the Initiative.

 

VISIT Unconditional Basic Income Europe 

2013 ECI-UBI

2013 ECI-UBI

While we did not reach the 1 million signatures needed for the petition to be legally binding we did succeed in getting 6 countries to meet their national quota. In the final two weeks of the Initiative 100.000 signatures were collected! You can see the final results here:
www.basicincome2013.eu/en/statistics.htm

Basic Income Studies

s21946094 (1) Basic Income Studies

 

Aims and Scope

Basic income is a universal income grant available to every citizen without means test or work requirement. Academic discussion of basic income and related policies has been growing in the fields of economics, philosophy, political science, sociology, and public policy over the last few decades — with dozens of journal articles published each year, and basic income constituting the subject of more than 30 books in the last 10 years. In addition, the political discussion of basic income has been expanding through social organizations, NGOs and other advocacy groups. Internationally, recent years have witnessed the endorsement of basic income by grassroots movements as well as government officials in developing countries such as Brazil or South-Africa.

As the community of people working on this issue has been expanding all over the world, incorporating grassroots activists, high profile academics — including several Nobel Prize winners in economics — and policymakers, the amount of high quality research on this topic has increased considerably. In the light of such extensive scholarship on this topic, the need to coordinate research efforts through a journal specifically devoted to basic income and cognate policies became pressing. Basic Income Studies (BIS) is the first academic journal to focus specifically on basic income and cognate policies.

BIS publishes peer-reviewed research papers, book reviews, and short accessible commentaries that discuss a central aspect of the debate on basic income and related schemes. Contributions to BIS will typically discuss the empirical or normative analysis of basic income but may also include articles on related policies such as citizens’ pensions, stakeholder and sabbatical grants, negative income tax or earned income tax credits, and various job guarantee policies. Articles that discuss the state of modern welfare regimes or aspects of social security or employment regulation in more general terms will be considered provided there are clear implications for basic income research. Although BIS places considerable emphasis on rigorous conceptual development and/or thorough empirical analysis, all articles must be written in clear, non-technical language to ensure that they are accessible to non-specialists.

BIS encourages publication both by established scholars and by researchers at the beginning of their careers.

BIS has an international scope, aims to publish original articles and review essays on basic income in all countries, and strongly welcomes papers from non-Western countries.
BIS Essay Prize

Basic Income Studies awards Essay Prize in collaboration with the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN) and the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (USBIG). A panel of judges chosen by BIS and the co-chairs of BIEN choose the best English-language essay at the BIEN biennial congress and every second USBIG conference (on the years when BIEN does not have a conference). The winning paper is published as the BIS Prize Essay.

 

 

External activity

Memberships

Between 2010-2013 Louise Haagh acted as expert for the Council of Europe in a project financed by the European Commission to advance human rights in Europe after the economic crisis. Louise Haagh gave a plenary address at the Council of Europe’s presentation of the report at the CoE headquarter in Brussels. The result of this work was published in the following report:

Council of Europe, Living in Dignity in the Twenty-First Century, co-authored with four other contracted experts (Ugo Mattei, Emilio Santoro, Diane Roman, Laurent Bonelli).
In the year 2010-11 Louise Haagh was selected to act as a member of the task force set up to investigate the problem of Democracy, Economic Security and Social Justice in a Volatile World under the auspices of the American Political Science Association headed by President-elect Prof. Carole Pateman: Michael Goodhart, University of Pittsburgh, Task Force Chair; Carole Pateman, University of California, Los Angeles, Ex Officio, 2010-11 APSA President;Archon Fung, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University; Varun Gauri, World Bank; Siri Gloppen, University of Bergen (Norway); Louise Haagh, University of York (UK); Patrick Heller, Brown University; Enrique Peruzzotti, University Torcuato Di Tella (Argentina); Anja Rudiger, National Economic and Social Rights Initiative (New York); Hans Peter Schmitz, Maxwell School, Syracuse University;Guy Standing, University of Bath (UK); Brian Wampler, Boise State University; Susanna D. Wing, Haverford College.

“Democratic Imperatives: Innovations in Rights, Participation, and Economic Citizenship”, American Political Science Association Task Force Report, Washington D.C., pp.88, released June 4th 2012.
Louise Haagh is a Trustee of the Citizens’ income Trust of the UK.

Louise Haagh is an elected executive committee member of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN – http://www.basicincome.org/bien/) and editor of the academic journal Basic Income Studies (http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/bis).

Invited talks and conferences

Louise Haagh on Basic Income and Public Finance, keynote speech at the international conference on ‘Basic Income at a Time of Economic Upheaval: A Path to Justice and Stability?’, University of McGill, Canada, April 15-16 2010. (audio podcast)

Publications

Selected publications

Louise Haagh (2013) ‘The Citizens’ Income and Democratization in Latin America – A Multi-Institutional Perspective‘ in Rubén Lo Vuolo (Ed.)Citizen’s Income and Welfare Regimes in Latin America. From Cash Transfers to Rights, Exploring the Basic Income Guarantee Series, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Louise Haagh (2013) ‘Basic Income and Different Egalitarian Rights to Security’ in Redefining and Combating Poverty: Human Rights, Democracy and Common Goods in Today’s Europe, Trends in Social Cohesion No. 25, Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

Louise Haagh (2012) ‘Democracy, Public Finance, and Property Rights in Economic Stability: How More Horizontal Capitalism Upscales Freedom for All’ in Polity, October, Volume 44, No. 4. pp.542-587.

Louise Haagh (2011) ‘Working Life, Well-Being and Welfare Reform: Motivation and Institutions Revisited’, World Development, March, Vol. 39, No.3. pp.450-573. Also available at: http://econpapers.repec.org/article/eeewdevel/v_3a39_3ay_3a2011_3ai_3a3_3ap_3a450-473.htm

Louise Haagh (2011) Basic Income, Social Democracy and Control over Time, Policy and Politics, January, Vol. 39, No.1, pp. 41-64.

Louise Haagh (2010), ‘Equal Freedom and Social Democracy: Decent Work as a Distributional Good’, in C. Bausat, W.J.F Keenan, and C. Sedmak (Eds.), Decent Work and Unemployment, Vol. 3, Perspective on Social Ethics, LIT Verlag, Berlin and Transaction Publishers, Rutgers University, New Jersey.

Louise Haagh (2008) ‘Developmental Freedom, Unemployment and Poverty – Restating the Centrality of Institutions to Agency’ in Perspectives on Work : Problems, Insights, Challenges, edited by Otto Neumaier, Gottfried Schweiger, Clemens Sedmak, LIT publisher group, Münster-Hamburg-London.

Louise Haagh (2007) ‘Developmental Freedom and Social Order – Rethinking the Relation between Work and Equality’ in Journal of Philosophical Economics, Vol. 1, issue 1, Autumn, pp.119-160.

Louise Haagh (2007) ‘Basic Income, Occupational Freedom and Anti-Poverty Policy’ in Basic Income Studies, Vol. 2, Issue, 1, June.

Louise Haagh (2006) ‘Equality and Income Security in Market Economies: What’s Wrong with Insurance?’’ in Social Policy and Administration, Vol. 40:4, 385-424.

Louise Haagh (2006), ‘Editorial Introduction’ to Special Issue on Latin America, in Social Policy and Administration, Vol. 40:4, pp.339-352.

Louise Haagh (2005) ‘Occupational Rights and New Employment Regimes in Emergent Economies’, Policy Studies, I. June, Vol. 26, No.2, June, pp.171-198.

Louise Haagh (2004) ‘Market Neutrality and Social Policy – Unemployment Insurance and Resistance to Comprehensive Learning in Chile’ in Learning from Foreign Models in Latin American Policy Reform , Weyland, K. (Ed.), The Woodrow Wilson Center, Washington D.C.

Louise Haagh (2004) ‘The Free Labour Market and Korea’s 1997 Financial Crisis’ in Economic Crisis and its Impacts: Brazil and South Korea Compared, Amann, E. and Chang H.-J. (Eds), Brookings and Institute for Latin American Studies.

Louise Haagh (2002) Citizenship, Labour Markets and Democratization – Chile and the Modern Sequence, Basingstoke: Palgrave, St. Antony’s Series.

Louise Haagh and Camilla Helgø (2002) (Eds), Social Policy Reform and Market Governance in Latin America, Basingstoke: Palgrave. St. Antony’s Series.

Louise Haagh (2002) ‘The Emperor’s New Clothes: Labor Reform and Social Democratization in Chile’, Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol. 37, No.1, Spring, pp. 86-115.

Louise Haagh (2001) ‘The Challenges of Labor Reform in Korea: A Review of Contrasting Approaches to Market Enhancement and Experiences from Chile and Denmark’ in Labor Market Reforms in Korea: Policy Options for the Future, Park, F-k, Park, Y-b, Betcherman, G, and Dar A. (Eds), The World Bank.

Louise Haagh (1999) ‘Training Policy and the Property Rights of Labour in Chile (1990-1997): Social Citizenship in the Atomised Market Regime, Journal of Latin American Studies, Cambridge University Press, 31, 429-472.

Research

Overview

Louise Haagh is currently doing research on institutional, ethical and public finance aspects of welfare reform in OECD and middle-income countries. She is engaged in a number of international research networks related to this research, with a current focus on the distributive and institutional aspects of economic instability in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis. Current engagements include membership of a task force set down by the President-elect of the American Political Science Association, Carole Pateman, on Democracy, Social Justice, and Economic Security in a Volatile World, and membership of a Council of Europe committee of experts, financed by the European Commission, to consider innovative policies to combat poverty in Europe. Other international engagements in 2010 have included a key-note speech on Basic Income and Public Finance, at the international conference on ‘Basic Income at a Time of Economic Upheaval: A Path to Justice and Stability?’, University of McGill, Canada, April 15-16, and a plenary speech on ‘Basic Income, Systemic Inequality and Public Policy’, at the Basic Income Earth Network Bi-Annual International Congress, São Paulo, Brazil, 30-June-2nd July, 2010. As a prelude to the conference she formed part of a small delegation to discuss the feasibility of implementing Brazil’s law on basic income with President of Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. Louise Haagh has also recently undertaken research funded by the British Academy on the relationship between market and welfare reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean. In addition, she has been recently engaged in a research network on Perspectives on Work in Europe coordinated by the Institute of Ethics and Poverty Research at the University of Salzburg. In 2011 she takes over as joint editor of Basic Income Studies.

LH_Lula2

meeting with President Lula of Brazil to discuss implementation of Basic income in Brazil, July 2010]Louise Haagh and President of Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva

Current projects

Dr Haagh’s recent and current research students are:

Jervis, Robin Mark – Political Economy of Development
Song, Wonseop – Political Economy of State Transformation: South Korea
Yang, DongQing – Social Policy Reform in China
Farhad Morit Moshtagh Sefat – Political Economy of Iran: Culture vs. Institutions (Begun June 2010)
Christian Becerril – The State and Anti-Poverty Policy in Mexico (begun January 2010)
Sang-Hyeb Lee – The Developmental Welfare State and Labour Market Reform in Korea (begun 2008)
Craig Wirt – Missing Link? The Role of Collective Bargaining in Connecting Political to Social Democracy: The Case of Bolivia under Morales (begun 2006)
Rowan Allport – Development and EU Accession in Malta (begun 2006)
Angel Chen – Regionalism and Regionalisation in South East Asia (completed 2010)
Jesús Mena-Vazquez – Expanding the Horizons of Poor People – The Importance of Economic Security (completed 2007)
Supervision

Dr Haagh would be interested in supervising students in the following areas

Development and Democratisation
Theories and Policies of Development Governance
Political Economy of Institutions and Development
Contemporary Theories of Social Entitlement and Welfare Reform
Latin American Politics and Political Economy
Theories and Policies related to Poverty
Politics of Labour Market Reform
The Ethics and Political Economy of Work